Download A Second Home: Missouri's Early Schools (Missouri Heritage by Sue Thomas PDF

By Sue Thomas

 The one-room schoolhouse could be a factor of the prior, however it is the root on which glossy schooling rests. Sue Thomas now strains the growth of early schooling in Missouri, demonstrating how very important early faculties have been in taming the frontier.            A moment domestic deals an in-depth and wonderful examine schooling within the days whilst pioneers needed to delay education for his or her little ones till they can supply safeguard for his or her households and transparent their fields for plants, whereas well-to-do households hired tutors or despatched their youngsters again east. Thomas tells of the earliest identified English college on the Ramsay cost close to Cape Girardeau, then of the hole of a handful of colleges round the time of the Louisiana Purchase—such as Benjamin Johnson’s university on Sandy Creek, Christopher Schewe’s tuition for boys while St. Louis was once nonetheless a village, and the Ste. Genevieve Academy, the place bad and Indian youngsters have been taught at no cost. She describes how, as groups grew, extra  private colleges opened—including “dame schools,” denominational faculties, and subscription schools—until public schooling got here into its personal within the 1850s.            Drawing on oral histories amassed in the course of the country, in addition to inner most diaries and archival learn, the publication is filled with firsthand bills of what schooling as soon as used to be like—including descriptions of the furniture, educating tools, and school-day actions in one-room log faculties. additionally it is the reviews of former slaves and unfastened blacks following the Civil conflict after they have been newly entitled to public schooling, with discussions of the contributions of John Berry Meachum, James Milton Turner, and different African American leaders.            With its remembrances of less complicated occasions, A moment domestic tells of neighborhood gatherings in nation colleges and occasions corresponding to taffy pulls and spelling bees, and provides stories of stern lecturers, scholar pranks, and schoolyard video games. Accompanying illustrations remove darkness from kin and college existence within the colonial, territorial, early statehood, and post–Civil struggle sessions. For readers who bear in mind older relations’ debts or who're easily desirous about the previous, it is a booklet that may conjure pictures of a bygone time whereas establishing a brand new window on Missouri heritage.

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He used his riches and influence to good purpose. Among the many benevolent acts of Mr. ” Missions and churches established in villages and towns offered the fundamentals of education through religious teachings. Protestant churches established Sunday schools, sometimes called Sabbath schools, which also taught reading and writing for free, hoping to instill the church’s beliefs and values in those attending. Schools established by the Catholic churches taught catechism, reading, and writing. Other denominations started classes on “religion and morality” in settled areas, but most of these suffered the same fate as Reverend Flint’s school, not drawing enough students to survive.

0 6/14/06 8:07 AM Page 15 The Missouri Territory 15 The most widely accepted educational influence was Thomas Jefferson’s plan, promoting education for all citizens by the state. Jefferson, president when the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803, believed that government should educate all of its citizens. In a truly democratic society, he declared, people should be educated to govern themselves. To achieve independence, they needed both a working knowledge of mathematics and the ability to read and express their ideas through writing.

She added that Bishop DuBourg had appointed one day a week when the sisters could teach black children. On December 28, 1823, Duchesne wrote from Florissant, where the sisters now had a convent, and a few months later she was much encouraged that the Jesuits had started a seminary for Indian boys nearby. 0 6/14/06 8:07 AM Page 25 The Missouri Territory 25 Sister Rose Philippine Duchesne came to St. Louis from her native France in 1818, at age forty-eight, to work as a missionary to the Indians for the Order of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

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