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By Talcott Parsons
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Seit Jahren wird in politischer Öffentlichkeit und Wissenschaft heftig darüber gestritten, welches Sprechen über den Islam als legitimer Teil demokratischer Debatten zu betrachten ist und welches nicht. Diese Konflikte nimmt Floris Biskamp als Ausgangspunkt für eine theoretische Diskussion von Aushandlungen kultureller Differenz in der demokratischen Öffentlichkeit.
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Experimentation with Human Subjects (New York: Braziller, 1970), pp. 178-196. 38 SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH AND ILLNESS seek "remedy" in the courts and thereby hold accountable those who have injured or might injure his interests. Both these modes of control have serious limitations for many classes of cases, but they are, nevertheless, of great importance in establishing a broad framework within which expectations of accountability are established. Thus, the importance of the adjudicatory system is by no means confined to the cases in which formal court decisions are made, since anticipation of such decisions serves as an exceedingly important guide to action.
Clearly, therefore, the population of the "ignorant," that is people who are under pressure to study, is no more a categorization of a permanent, lifelong group of human individuals than is that of the sick as a permanent category vis-a-vis the well, to say nothing of vis-a-vis the professional personnel whose services are relevant to the control of their conditions and the consequences of such conditions. The Sick Role and the Role of the Physician Reconsidered 33 I therefore conclude that there is an inherent built-in asymmetry in the teacher-student interaction system which rather closely parallels the asymmetry of the physician-patient system.
I hasten to add that this fiduciary responsibility for the health of participants in the health care system not only need not be confined to physicians but need not be confined to members of a health care agency as such. It most definitely should be regarded as shared by sick persons. Indeed, the acceptance of the role of patient, that is, participation in interaction with the health care agency, may be said to impose a definite responsibility on the patient in working toward the common goals of the system as a whole.