Download Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius PDF
By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius
This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles targeting the connection among choice model and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are diverse conceptions of the idea, it's debatable that on any believable knowing of person autonomy an self reliant agent must take note of the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been instructed that permitting one’s ideas to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has bought a few cognizance in different components of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This e-book combines for the 1st time the themes of choice model, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a distinct and complete quantity, filling a big wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.
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Extra info for Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life
And so it may be plausible to say–as is reflected by HA1–that if a particular preference is the result of a process I engage as a result of reasons that I myself recognize (whether or not these are genuine reasons for action), this process generates autonomous preferences. To describe the right processes in this way is similar to some accounts of the nature of autonomous choice (cf. Sher 1997). Similar thoughts motivate HA2. Let’s say that I develop some preference for a particular object φ over some other object ψ, and that this preference was the result of some process P.
Indeed, just this sort of view is floated by Sumner (in discussing the nature of autonomous life satisfaction). In despairing of the possibility of coming up with an adequate unifying account of the nature of autonomous processes, he (1996, 171) writes instead that: It appears, therefore, that neither of the currently dominant theories about the nature of autonomy is self-sufficient… However the details of a fully adequate view are worked out in the end, the implications for our theory of welfare are clear.
44 D. Dorsey should say that the preferences I maintain are not dependent upon any particular style of life or any particular facts about the world as it is. And hence such preferences cannot merely be adaptations to the way of life I maintain or the world around me. Rather, such preferences are reflective of what I genuinely value. Much more needs to be said to defend this claim and so I won’t put much weight on it here. However, even if there is a method by which to avoid cases of adaptation we’ve so far been discussing, there remains a problem with TA4.