Download Alcohol: A History by Rod Phillips PDF

By Rod Phillips

No matter if as wine, beer, or spirits, alcohol has had a relentless and sometimes debatable position in social lifestyles. In his cutting edge publication at the attitudes towards and intake of alcohol, Rod Phillips surveys a 9,000-year cultural and fiscal historical past, uncovering the tensions among alcoholic beverages as fit staples of day-by-day diets and as gadgets of social, political, and non secular nervousness. within the city facilities of Europe and the United States, the place it used to be noticeable as more healthy than untreated water, alcohol received a foothold because the drink of selection, however it has been extra regulated via governmental and spiritual specialists greater than the other commodity. As a possible resource of social disruption, alcohol created unstable limitations of appropriate and unacceptable intake and broke via limitations of sophistication, race, and gender.

Phillips follows the ever-changing cultural meanings of those powerful potables and makes the outstanding argument that a few societies have entered "post-alcohol" levels. His is the 1st booklet to envision and clarify the meanings and results of alcohol in such intensity, from international and long term views.

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Coriander is an exception, and a common remedy for stomach problems was beer infused with coriander, bryony (a flowering plant), flax, and dates. Grated 44 and mixed with chaste-tree and an unidentified fruit, then infused into beer, strained and drunk, coriander was also prescribed as a cure for blood in the feces. 30 In general, wine was considered a particularly good aid to digestion, and it was prescribed to increase the appetite, purge the body of worms, regulate the flow of urine, and act as an enema.

They show men wearing garlands on their heads, leaning on couches, drinking wine from shallow goblets (called kylixes), talking, and listening to singers and musicians. Some symposiums were serious affairs, as the men discussed politics and the arts through the night. Others seem to have been boisterous drinking parties where drinking as well as sex with prostitutes and boy servers took priority. Many symposiums were probably a blend of all these activities. Although the format of symposiums varied, there were some standard features.

The regions involved lie many thousands of kilometers apart, but they were connected by the Silk Road and by other trade networks for thousands of years before that. It is possible, then, that knowledge of fermentation was developed in one region and transferred to the other. Alternatively, each region might have started to practice fermentation independently, or the process of making alcohol might have been discovered in a third, as yet unidentified, region of Asia and then transferred to other parts of the continent.

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