Download Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45 by Robert Forczyk PDF
By Robert Forczyk
Not able to behavior floor operations at the eu continent till Allied power was once marshalled for a full-scale invasion, the British govt established its grand procedure in international warfare II on a chronic crusade of aerial bombardment of Nazi Germany's towns for you to carry the 3rd Reich to its knees. on the middle of this method have been the rising applied sciences of the heavy bomber, mixed with night-navigation and precision-bombing concepts. The RAF brought the massive four-engined Avro Lancaster in 1942 and used it to spearhead this aerial offensive. In reaction, the Luftwaffe created an elite nightfighter strength dependent basically upon the Bf a hundred and ten to counter the RAF bombers. even supposing the Bf one hundred ten had failed miserably as an afternoon fighter over England in 1940, it came across its area of interest as a nightfighter. The Luftwaffe was once speedy to equip it with airborne radar that allowed it to intercept and smash Lancasters over Germany. In flip, the RAF followed countermeasures akin to the Monica rearward-looking radar to alert Lancaster crews to the strategy of nightfighters. The Lancaster heavy bomber was once built with rear and dorsal turrets that gave it a few likelihood to force off nightfighters utilising the normal tactic of attacking from above and behind.In may perhaps 1943, even though, the Luftwaffe unexpectedly constructed a unique technical and tactical method of attacking RAF bombers - the Schräge Musik weapon process, which fixed upward-firing 20mm cannons in a Bf one hundred ten nightfighter. the recent tactic proved amazingly profitable, and British bombers can be attacked from under with out caution. quickly, the Luftwaffe made up our minds to equip a 3rd of its nightfighters with Schräge Musik and commenced to inflict grievous losses upon Lancaster bomber devices within the interval from August 1943 to March 1944. For its half, the RAF didn't observe the recent German tactic for 6 an important months, in which time its Lancaster bombers have been nearly defenceless in contrast new chance. In time, although, the German good thing about shock was once misplaced and the RAF built countermeasures to accommodate the hot hazard. The duel among upgraded Bf 110s and Lancasters within the evening skies over Germany grew to become more and more ruled by way of state of the art know-how, which might ascertain the efficacy of strategic bombing.
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Extra info for Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45
A large proportion of Bf 110 pilots had entered the Luftwaffe in 1937-39, and they represented a more pre-war professional cadre than the bulk of Bomber Command crews in 1942-45. A good number of Nachtjäger had previous daylight combat experience serving with Zerstörer units over Poland, Norway, France and Britain, while Major Günther Radusch was a Legion Condor veteran. Many Bf 110 crewmen came from diverse backgrounds prior to entering the Luftwaffe, including other parts of the Wehrmacht (infantry, panzers and flak crewmen), the Merchant Marine and Lufthansa commercial service.
Through the employment of Window and sophisticated jamming techniques, Bomber Command was able to temporarily erase the German advantage in mid-1943 and reduce its losses, but the Luftwaffe later recovered with improved radars and anti-jamming tactics. In this factor, neither side enjoyed a permanent advantage in the aerial duel, only periods of greater or lesser success. A Lancaster from No. 550 Sqn that limped home after being shot up by a Bf 110 over Berlin on the night of 30/31 January 1944.
Not only was this the first occasion of a Lancaster shooting down a Bf 110, but the Lancaster gunner had ended the career of a 19-victory Luftwaffe ace. By late July No. 5 Group had sufficient operational Lancasters to send 113 against Dusseldorf on the night of 31 July/1 August 1942, and lost only two. This lucky streak continued for three weeks until 24/25 August, when No. 5 Group sent 61 Lancasters to participate in a raid on Frankfurt, but lost six aircraft (nearly ten per cent of those involved), including three shot down by Bf 110s from NJG 1.