Download Bioethics for Scientists by John A. Bryant, Linda Baggott la Velle, John F. Searle PDF

By John A. Bryant, Linda Baggott la Velle, John F. Searle

Еще одна книга по проблеме этики в биологических и медицинских исследованиях. Одно из лучших руководств в своей области. Жаль, что на английском - книг такого же научного уровня по биоэтике в России нет.

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Biotechnological research projects are commonly justified to external audiences in utilitarian terms. They will provide means to specific ends. But as a vast institutionalised system, human biotechnology must also be justified as a whole, as a means to very general human ends. Commonly, it is justified as conducive to our health and wellbeing. But human health and wellbeing can only be characterised in general terms if we have some conception of the fundamental character of human beings and hence a sense of their normal, ‘healthy’ condition.

It is Western science, derived from Christian culture, which has succeeded – in Francis Bacon’s notorious phrase – in ‘putting Nature to the test’. Though White’s analysis has been heavily criticised, for example by Nash (1991), it serves to point to the ambiguous role that talk of God has had in the development of humans’ relation to their environment. 1) does not of itself solve the questions of environmental ethics. This question of values in the non-human world is discussed further at the end of the chapter.

There is a strain of ‘environmental fascism’ about some of these comments, very far from the stark but visionary tone of Naess’s original article. Deep ecologists’ suggestions as to how humans might live in the future are often very radical. In the standard work on deep ecology by Devall and Sessions (1985) they quote Paul Shepard’s view that the Earth’s population should be stabilised at 8 billion by 2020 and that this population should be positioned in cities strung around the edge of the continents, with the interior allowed to return to the wild.

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