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By Laurence Schneider

Utilizing the sector of genetics as a case learn, this booklet follows the stricken improvement of recent traditional technological know-how in China from the Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via particular pictures of key scientists and associations, uncomplicated dilemmas are explored: how one can keep watch over nature with technology, tips to achieve independence from foreign-controlled technological know-how, tips to get scientists out from below regulate of ideology and the country. utilizing the sphere of genetics as a case examine, this publication follows the afflicted improvement of recent average technology in China from the Nineteen Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via certain photographs of key scientists and associations, uncomplicated dilemmas are explored: easy methods to keep an eye on nature with technological know-how, find out how to achieve independence from foreign-controlled technological know-how, how one can get scientists out from lower than keep watch over of ideology and the kingdom.

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Extra resources for Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (Asia Pacific Perspectives)

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National Central, the Model University 35 Guo’s foreign connection proved to be vital to the development of natural science and medicine at the university. His Teachers’ College mentor had been Paul Monroe (1 869-1947), a professor of “international education,” who had been an important adviser for the Rockefeller Foundation’s work in China since 1913. 6 Up to this time, the China Medical Board’s general goal had been to develop “biomedical science” education in key universities, and thereby produce students trained well enough to enter the Rockefeller Foundation’s spectacular new medical school, Peking Union Medical College.

The preparatory department, however, was a stopgap measure. The China Medical Board determined that there was only one way to guarantee a steady flow of medical students with adequate science education, and that was to raise the quality of science education throughout the colleges and universities of China. This would provide students for Peking Union as well as for the missionary and the Chmese medical schools which the China Medical Board planned to upgrade. The next shift in China Medical Board policy, during the early 1920s, saw it funding key public and private Chinese-instead of foreign missionary-universities and colleges in all areas of science education.

This Page Intentionally Left Blank 1 Biology at National Central, the Model University During the 1920s and 1930s, the National Central University in Nanjing embodied many of the plans, aspirations, and problems of China’s educational and political reformers. Here, in 1921, the first biology department was established in a Chmese university. The department was under the direction of the American-trained biologist Bing Zhi (1886-1965), who received a classical education in his native Honan Province as well as an introduction to modem subjects in his original pursuit of a traditional civil service degree.

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