Download Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and by Barbara Krauthamer PDF

By Barbara Krauthamer

From the overdue eighteenth century throughout the finish of the Civil battle, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians acquired, bought, and owned Africans and African american citizens as slaves, a undeniable fact that persevered after the tribes' elimination from the Deep South to Indian Territory. The tribes formulated racial and gender ideologies that justified this tradition and marginalized loose black humans within the Indian international locations good after the Civil battle and slavery had ended. throughout the finish of the 19th century, ongoing conflicts between Choctaw, Chickasaw, and U.S. lawmakers left untold numbers of former slaves and their descendants within the Indian countries with out citizenship in both the Indian countries or the USA. during this groundbreaking learn, Barbara Krauthamer rewrites the historical past of southern slavery, emancipation, race, and citizenship to bare the centrality of local American slaveholders and the black humans they enslaved.
Krauthamer's exam of slavery and emancipation highlights the methods Indian women's gender roles replaced with the arriving of slavery and altered back after emancipation and divulges complicated dynamics of race that formed the lives of black humans and Indians either prior to and after removal.

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Additional info for Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South

Example text

Cole and his cohort were not protesting that Choctaw boys performed the fieldwork historically associated with Indian women. They objected to their children performing the tasks that were associated with and extracted from enslaved black people. Choctaw and Chickasaw conceptions of race and gender difference and hierarchy found their clearest expression in the laws governing property ownership and legal status in the nations. In the summer of 1826, Choctaw leaders drafted a constitution and organized a central legislative body.

British and French traders obtained Indian slaves by tapping into existing indigenous practices of raiding and captive taking. 3 Like other Native peoples, such as the Cherokees, Choctaws and Chickasaws usually put 18 race, gender, and power in the deep south male captives to death after a period of ritualized torture. On one occasion in 1752, for example, Choctaws whipped a captive Chickasaw warrior for three days and planned on burning him to death on the fourth day, but he escaped. ”4 Captive women and children were spared such a bloody fate and instead were adopted into their captor’s kin group to bolster the population and symbolically replace those who had been killed in war.

Indian policy, are advised to consult the footnotes for suggested works. There is so much we do not know about black people’s lives in the Indian nations, and this work is offered as an effort to present and discuss the extant source material and relevant historiography. As part of ongoing scholarly conversations about race, gender, slavery, and freedom in the Americas, I hope it adds new dimensions and new questions to our understandings of slavery and the transition to freedom in the Indian nations and the United States.

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