Download Can Death Be a Harm to the Person Who Dies? by Jack Li (auth.) PDF

By Jack Li (auth.)

lt is with nice excitement that I write this preface for Or Li's booklet, wh ich addresses the venerable and vexing concerns surrounding the matter of no matter if dying could be a damage to the person that dies. This challenge is an historic one that used to be raised in the past by way of the early Greek thinker Epicurus, who notoriously argued that demise is at no time a damage to its 'victim' simply because sooner than loss of life there isn't any harrn and after loss of life there is not any sufferer. Epicurus's end is conspicuously at odds with our prereflective­ and normally our post-reflective-intuitions, and various concepts have hence been proposed to refute or steer clear of the Epicurean end that demise can't be an evil in the end. How then are we to account for our instinct that dying is not only an evil, yet maybe the worst evil: that could befall us? this can be the foremost factor that Or Li addresses. Or Li's booklet explores quite a few replacement techniques to the complicated and tough matters surrounding Epicurus's infamous argument and offers a defence ofthe intuitively believable end that dying can certainly be a damage to the individual that dies. This problem to Epicurus's declare that loss of life isn't a damage to the individual that dies is constructed when it comes to an in depth exploration of the problems raised not just via Epicurus, but additionally by means of his many successors, who've replied variously to the difficult concerns which Epicurus raised.

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Suppose a person P had a lovely family-with a beautiful and sweet wife, a clever and eute son, and a friendly dog. P was a good man and had a very good reputation whieh he was very proud of. Q was P's good friend. Two years ago, P went to an island THE EPICUREAN ARGUMENT 29 to do some business for six months. After he left for this island, Q started trying to convince p's wife and son that P actually was an evil man. Unbelievably, they had fallen for the malicious lies of Q and come to hate P. Sadly, from that time on, p's wife had an affair with Q.

If the Lucretian symmetry argument is fallacious, then the deprivation theory is not really refuted by this argument. However, this does not vindicate the deprivation theory. It means only that to question, or even to refute, the deprivation theory, we must seek other ways. 2 A CRITIQUE OF THE DEPRIVATION THEOR Y The outline of the deprivation theory in the last section is very general and basic. I therefore label it the 'primary deprivation theory'. There is still room for us to illuminate it in more detail, and to explore and criticise it further.

111). Highly Improbable Desires. We might also, once in a while, desire something which, although logically and physically possible, is highly improbable. For instance, someone P desires to be the president of the USA the next week. This amounts to a practical impossibility in the sense outlined in Chapter One. Suppose P' s desire is thwarted. Yet, it is not proper to think that P has been harrned. (IV). Harm[ul Desires. Furtherrnore, we can even have desires whose fulfilment is a harrn to us.

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