Download Charging the Use of Global Commons: Special Report by Hartmut Grassl, Juliane Kokott, Margareta Kulessa PDF
By Hartmut Grassl, Juliane Kokott, Margareta Kulessa
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In the summertime of 1911, Dutch anthropologist and linguist C. C. Uhlenbeck traveled to Montana to behavior fieldwork one of the southern Piegan Indians. Accompanying him in the course of his three-month remain was once his spouse, Wilhelmina, who saved a diary in their reports one of the Blackfeet. This diary is reproduced the following in complete, translated for the 1st time from Dutch into English by way of Mary Eggermont-Molenaar.
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Extra info for Charging the Use of Global Commons: Special Report
These have, as a matter of principle, the sovereign right to fully use their national environmental assets and, including the right to destroy them. As soon as a natural resource yields significant external benefit of global scope, the destruction of this resource presents a global environmental problem. One example among many is the loss of forests, which serve as carbon sinks and regulators of macroclimate and contribute to the conservation of biological diversity. Biodiversity is also an example of a good that is distributed largely across the sovereign territories of states, but whose existence and conservation has benefits for the whole of humanity and thus has global value.
Compensation payments In order to motivate developing countries, in particular, to engage in non utilization to the globally desired degree, international compensation payments are made in return for their abstaining from a degrading local utilization. The international community, which benefits the conservation of a resource, because it at least indirectly exploits its existence or global systems control function (existence value and functional value; WBGU, 2001a), makes a payment in return for this.
The Council is therefore of the opinion that the revenues from the user charge should be employed mainly in the area of integrated coastal management, as the integrated approach is to be reduced to an environmentally acceptable level (UNEP, 2001). On the basis of the fact that the developing and transition countries lack the resources to develop and implement an integrated coastal management programme, the Council considers it justifiable to deploy the available resources primarily in these countries.