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By Ng Sek Hong, Malcolm Warner

This booklet examines the position of alternate unions vis-à-vis administration within the People's Republic of China from 1949 to the current day. It bargains with the evolution, reform and consolidation of the chinese language labour move and, quite, the position of the most arm of chinese language prepared labour, the All-China Federation of alternate Unions (ACFTU) at either the apex and grass-roots degrees. It not just covers the new historical past of chinese language alternate unions but additionally assesses their procedure and constitution and club in addition to their criminal context. After this, it is going directly to examine their function vis-à-vis administration in either the State-owned in addition to the foreign-funded sectors. final, it compares their actions with prepared labour in 3 abroad chinese language societies, particularly Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan.

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Example text

The structural intricacy involved in rebuilding the augmented Workers' Congress system may be interpreted as a reform strategy to reinforce the influence of the centrally administered Chinese union bureaucracy by strengthening its 'grass-roots' organization in the enterprise, where its presence used to be feeble. The union had thus become more visible now in the workplace, inasmuch as it has been made to deputize for the Workers' Congress during its recess. Such processes enabled the Chinese union to appear to enjoy the prerogative of the Congress over plant-wide management, with its mandate derived vicariously by virtue of its 'agency' role for the Congress.

Noticeable, for example, were the Shanghai Trade Union Council and the General Trade Union Council of Canton (later, Guangzhou) which, together with other provincial/municipal union councils, were instrumental in buttressing the local party bureaucracy, weeding out the Nationalist-controlled 'Yellow' unions as well as purging the nation of the 'ill' and 'corrupted' influences of the bourgeoise in the 'Three-anti' and 'Five-anti' campaigns. 3 By 1951, the ACFTU had integrated all local trade union councils in North China under its direct jurisdiction.

64). The huge bureaucracy which the ACFTU epitomized in terms of organized labour as a 'popular' mass organization was seen by some as both a blessing as well as a threat of a potentially antagonistic and alternative influence to the 'authoritarian' claims of the ruling socialist party. The mid-1950s, for example, had seen tensions between the Party and the unions (see Perry 1994). The extremism of the Cultural Revolution unmasked the ambivalence and latent suspicions (if not hostilities) of the political ideologies against the ACFTU.

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