Download Cold War: The Essential Reference Guide by James R. Arnold, Roberta Wiener PDF

By James R. Arnold, Roberta Wiener

Chilly conflict: the basic Reference consultant is meant to introduce scholars to the tensions among the Soviet Union and the us that ruled overseas affairs within the moment 1/2 the twentieth century. A accomplished review essay, plus separate essays at the explanations and results of the clash, will offer readers with the required context to appreciate the various features of this complicated era.The guide's professional individuals conceal all the influential humans and pivotal occasions of the interval, encompassing the USA, the Soviet Union, Europe, Southeast Asia, China, the center East, Latin the United States, and Africa from political, army, and cultural views. Reference entries supply useful perception into the leaders and conflicts that outlined the chilly conflict, whereas different essays advertise severe puzzling over arguable and critical chilly struggle themes, together with even if Ronald Reagan used to be liable for finishing the chilly battle, the impression of Sputnik at the chilly struggle, and the importance of the Prague Spring.

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From Messianism to Collapse: Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917–1991. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace, 1994. Russian General Staff. The Soviet-Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2002. Africa The Cold War in Africa commenced with the end of the colonial era, continued through Africa’s independence movements, and finally ended in the postcolonial period. The Soviet Union linked African national liberation movements to its own Marxist-Leninist ideology in order to gain a foothold in the continent.

The Soviets never attempted to shoot down any of the Western aircraft involved in the airlift, no doubt because such a provocation might well have resulted in war. 5 million tons of coal. By the fall, the airlift, called by the Americans “Operation Vittles,” was transporting an average of 5,000 tons of supplies a day. At the height of the operation on April 16, 1949, an aircraft landed in Berlin every minute around the clock. The airlift was an international effort; airplanes were supplied by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, but there were also flight crews from Australia, Canada, South Africa, and New Zealand.

In addition, Arab nationalist movements fit into a broader picture of postcolonial political ideologies popular in the developing world. Such ideologies stressed national or cultural identity, along with Marxist or socialist ideas, as a counter to Western influence. Promoted by the Soviets, socialism served as a reaction among developing nations to their former experiences with European imperialism. The two most important Arab nationalist movements that took root were Baathism and Nasserism. The Baath (or Resurrection) Party became prominent in Syria after World War II.

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