Download Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typoloy (A Sipri by R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald PDF

By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

A supplement clause is used rather than a noun word; for instance you can still say both I heard [the consequence] or I heard [that England beat France]. Languages missing supplement clauses hire complementation recommendations to accomplish comparable semantic effects. certain reviews of specific languages, together with Akkadian, Israeli, Jarawara, and Pennsylvania German, are framed via R.M. W. Dixon's creation, which units out the diversity of concerns, and his end, which attracts jointly the facts and the arguments.

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Extra info for Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typoloy (A Sipri Publication)

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In similar fashion, the coordinated complement clauses just quoted could be said to be reductions from MaryA knows <(that) John is stupid>O and MaryA knows <(that) Tom is clever>O and from IA want O and IA want O respectively. It is a matter of choice whether one decides to pursue this analysis, or instead to say that a number of compatible complement clauses of the same type may be coordinated as the complex Wller for a core argument in the higher clause. ) In some languages a clause which includes a complement-taking verb, R, is simply juxtaposed to a clause including a second verb, U; this must be distinguished from a complement clause construction.

These do not involve complement clauses. The fourth criterion states that a complement clause must be in O (or E) function for one or more of a set of prototypical complement-taking verbs. On a text count, complement clauses in Jarawara (Chapter 4) occur most often in S function. Whereas English has a transitive verb begin, the corresponding verb in Jarawara is intransitive. The translation of HeA began O is, literally, ‘S began’. A complement clause may in Jarawara be the S argument for a verb of motion or of quantity; one says, literally, ‘S went’ for He went carrying it, and ‘S was two’ for He did it twice.

B) If the language is head marking, can the complement clause include the same bound pronominal elements as a main clause? ) in the same way that a main clause can? ) (d) Can the complement clause be negated? It appears that all complement clauses may be negated in Pennsylvania German, Israeli, White Hmong, Tariana, and Kambera (Chapters 2, 3, 5, 8 and 11) but not in Jarawara (Chapter 4). In Matses (Chapter 10), it is possible to elicit a negated complement clause, but this is quite uncommon. Dolakha Newar (Chapter 6) allows negation in three of its four types of complement clause, and with the verb ‘pretend’ but not with attention verbs from a further type.

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