Download Descartes (Arguments of the Philosophers) by Margaret Dauler Wilson, Ted Honderich PDF

By Margaret Dauler Wilson, Ted Honderich

Concentrates at the Meditations to teach Descartes' philosophy within the context of his total medical ambitions, now not them all absolutely specific within the texts.

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Or only that (2) We cannot doubt that the fundamental constitutive ingredients of our ideas or experiences represent things that are in some sense real, and these include extension, figure, etc.? On the first view, we could say that claims about the veridical nature of our thoughts qua representings of a real world in space are being upheld: the world is still supposed to be ‘out there,’ but can confidently be characterized only in the most general and non-determinate ways. ); then (it seems) the final bulwark is set up for assault: there is a physical nature, which is extended, endures, manifests figure, and so forth (things more simple and more general).

AT VII, 18; HR I, 145) This truistic observation is followed by consideration of the much more significant proposal that the senses are reliable at least in circumstances that commonsense would regard as unproblematic: But, although the senses sometimes deceive us about things that are very small and very distant, perhaps nevertheless there are many others about which it is completely impossible to doubt, although they are derived from the senses: such as that I am now here, seated by the fire, clothed in a winter robe, holding this paper in my hands, and similar things.

E. as having some claims to veridicality. The fact one has falsely dreamed he is perceiving physical objects no longer provides a ground for doubt of one’s present (waking) belief that one is perceiving physical objects. For one notices that his waking experience has a characteristic one finds to be lacking in the dream experience he dismisses as unreal: it fits into the whole course of his life (and is subsumable in appropriate ways under categories of causation and spatio-temporal continuity).

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