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By Franz Brentano

Descriptive Psychology represents a chain of lectures given by means of Franz Brentano in 1890; they have been the fruits of Brentano's paintings and the clearest statements of his mature concept. It was once this later interval which proved to be so very important within the paintings of his pupil Husserl. this can be the 1st English translation of the paintings. Muller has extra a concise advent which areas Brentano's paintings in the ancient context of philosophy and psychology. Muller additionally locates Brentano's effect on modern thinkers equivalent to Husserl, Meinoning, Bertrand Russel and the complete Polish tuition of philosophy.

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Yet there are other cases where the lack of certain experiences does indeed bring about an incompleteness in psychognostic knowledge. So, [for example,] the lack of smell, the lack of hearing, [or] of sight, [and] indeed partial deficiencies [teilweiser Mangel], as in the colour-blind person, or in those people who do not see colour differences in the narrow sense, but who see the world as in a copper etching. 4. The danger that the psychognost cannot achieve his task due to lack of sufficient experiential material is hence essentially confined to these cases of a rudimentary inner life.

This relation is also referred to as ‘intentional relation’. To every consciousness belongs essentially a relation. 2. As in every relation, two correlates can be found here. The one correlate is the act of consciousness, the other is that [thing] which it is directed upon. 23 THE TASK OF PSYCHOGNOSY Seeing and what is seen, Presenting and what is presented, Wanting and what is wanted, Loving and what is loved, Denying and what is denied etc. 21¦22 As highlighted already by ARISTOTLE,9 these correlates display the peculiarity that the one alone is real, [whereas] the other is not something real [nichts Reales].

And the same evidently applies to the ways of connecting the elements of consciousness. These connections are as alien to those mentioned in chemistry, as the elements of consciousness are to chemical items. 2¦3 8. Psychognosy is in this sense pure psychology and as such essentially different from genetic psychology. ¦ 9. I have emphasized yet another important difference. I claimed that 4 PSYCHOGNOSY AND GENETIC PSYCHOLOGY psychognosy is an exact science, and that, in contrast, genetic psychology, in all its determinations, is an inexact one.

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