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By Roger Magnuson

The first precedence of French missionaries was once the conversion of the local inhabitants. schooling was once a massive device within the evangelization crusade simply because they believed that conversion was once most sensible secured whilst preceded and underscored by means of non secular guideline. As Canada developed right into a French colony the non secular orders more and more grew to become their cognizance to the schooling of the kids of French settlers. The interval observed the institution of a couple of petites écoles (elementary schools), a Jesuit collage for boys, and a number of other exchange colleges. As Magnuson demonstrates, provision for schooling within the colony declined through the eighteenth century. First, club in spiritual orders diminished, decreasing their skill to serve the academic wishes of an increasing inhabitants. moment, because the inhabitants of the colony grew, with extra population born in Canada than in France, varied values and priorities built. The written be aware, notes Magnuson, held much less appeal for the Canadian, who most well liked the energetic lifetime of the frontier.

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As we have seen, one method was to attack, as it were, the Indians on their own territory. Living and labouring among the various tribes in their villages and habitations, the missionaries preached the gospel, instructed the population in Christian knowledge, ministered to the sick and needy, and baptized those whom they judged ready. At the same time, interest in a second approach grew. At the heart of the problem were the nomadic ways of the Indians. Hunters, fishermen, and traders more than farmers and settlers, the natives were frequently on the move, which made them elusive targets for religious conversion.

If Chabanel's fate was not representative of the missionaries, his linguistic problems were. 14 The missionaries' struggle to learn the Indian languages was not made any easier by their hosts, who were reluctant to offer themselves as tutors and sometimes made sport of the Europeans' efforts to master their dialects. The Jesuits reported being ridiculed into silence when they could not express themselves clearly in the native tongue. Nor were the Indians above substituting indecent phrases for pious ones and then having a good laugh at the expense of the unsuspecting missionary who used them in his preaching.

41 Various artistic devices were used by other missionaries to get their message across. Jean Pierron put his drawing and painting skills to good use among the Mohawks. Pierron was upset by the fact that some tribal members placed their hands over their ears when he began to preach. To overcome this problem, he produced a number of paintings which illustrated with frightening reality the agonies awaiting those who rejected God and were living in Hell. The paintings included surrealistic portraits of demons, devils, and others who had been damned, including Indians with hands over their ears.

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