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By Terry Ward, Orsolya Lelkes, Holly Sutherland, Istvan Gyorgy Toth (editors)

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7: At-risk-of-poverty rates and poverty gaps of women relative to men Source: Own calculations based on Eurostat New Cronos database and EU-SILC 2006 Accordingly, the size of the gender difference in risk-of-poverty rates is much smaller than the difference between age groups across countries. 3. Age patterns of poverty trends between 2002 and 2005 The question of how far the risk of poverty among particular age groups has changed in recent years is difficult to answer because of the change in data sources.

In the rest of the EU, except for Slovenia (8%), the figure is 6% or less. A further reduction of the threshold to 40% of the EU median (or to just over EUR 450 a month) lowers the share of the population with income below this level to just over 10% (or around 47 million people). The proportion in Latvia and Lithuania is still around 55%, reflecting the fact that a threshold of 40% of the EU average is some 7–9% above the national median level of income. 3%, respectively. In both these cases, the threshold amounts to 85% of the national median income.

Makovec and Zaidi 2007). Network on Income Distribution and Living Conditions 51 European Inequalities: Social Inclusion and Income Distribution in the European Union The poverty gap by age and gender In the majority of EU Member States, the elderly are more likely to have income below the poverty threshold, but their income tends to be less far below the threshold than the income of those people of working age who are similarly at risk. In other words, the poverty gap for the elderly tends to be relatively small.

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