Download Maritime Exploration in the Age of Discovery, 1415-1800 by Ronald S. Love PDF

By Ronald S. Love

Despite prior naval expeditions undertaken for purposes of international relations or exchange, it wasn't until eventually the early 1400s that eu maritime explorers demonstrated sea routes via many of the globe's inhabited areas, uniting a divided earth right into a unmarried approach of navigation. From the early Portuguese and Spanish quests for gold and glory, to later clinical explorations of land and tradition, this new knowing of the world's geography created worldwide alternate, equipped empires, outlined style and alliances of energy, and started the adventure towards the cultural, political, and financial globalization during which we are living today.

Ronald Love's attractive narrative chapters consultant the reader from Marco Polo's exploration of the Mongol empire to Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation of the globe, the quest for a Northern Passage, Henry Hudson's voyage to Greenland, the invention of Tahiti, the perils of scurvy, mutiny, and warring empires, and the eventual extension of Western impression into virtually each nook of the globe. Biographies and first records around out the work.

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Extra info for Maritime Exploration in the Age of Discovery, 1415-1800 (Greenwood Guides to Historic Events 1500-1900)

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With the onset of a Historical Overview colder climate after 1200, however, the Greenland colonies declined, while the settlement in North America was abandoned when fighting broke out with the local native population. Within a few years, the only memory of Vineland was preserved in the Norse sagas. Farther south, there is evidence from Muslim sources not long afterward of attempts by Mansa Muhammad, ruler of the west African empire of Mali, to venture into the Atlantic. In the late thirteenth or early fourteenth century, he launched a fleet of four hundred small craft with men, supplies, and stern instructions not to return until it had reached the far side of the ocean or had exhausted its food and water.

They aimed instead to launch a new crusade against the Muslim Berbers of North Africa, who happened also to monopolize commercial contacts with the gold-producing 11 12 MARITIME EXPLORATION IN THE AGE OF DISCOVERY kingdoms of the Niger Delta via the Sahara. The object, in other words, was to break that monopoly by seizing control of the North African coast, and to outflank the Muslims’ caravan trade on land at the same time by establishing direct seaborne relations with west African rulers. Commerce and the crusading spirit motivated Portugal’s early maritime expansion in the name of God and of profit.

This sudden burst of maritime activity was produced by a combination of coincidences and events. To begin with, Europe after 1300 was no longer the narrow, inward-looking world of earlier times. The restoration of trade in the Mediterranean, the growing taste for the spices and luxury goods of Asia, and the written accounts of Polo and his fellow travelers contributed to a growing interest in distant lands. Meanwhile, the collapse of the Mongol Empire in the late fourteenth century, followed by the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453, resulted not just in political instability and insecurity of travel that threatened to cut overland contacts with Asia.

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