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By Paul J. Carrick

During this e-book Paul Carrick charts the traditional Greek and Roman foundations of Western scientific ethics. Surveying 1500 years of pre-Christian scientific ethical historical past, Carrick applies insights from old clinical ethics to advancements in modern drugs corresponding to improve directives, gene treatment, physician-assisted suicide, abortion, and surrogate motherhood. He discusses such undying matters because the social prestige of the medical professional; attitudes towards loss of life and dying; and the connection of drugs to philosophy, faith, and renowned morality. reviews of a variety of old thinkers are consulted, together with physicians, poets, philosophers, and sufferers. He additionally explores the perplexing query of Hippocrates' id, reading not just the Hippocratic Oath but in addition the daddy of Medicine's lesser-known works.Complete with bankruptcy dialogue questions, illustrations, a map, and appendices of moral codes, clinical Ethics within the old international may be precious in classes at the clinical humanities, historical philosophy, bioethics, comparative cultures, and the historical past of medication. obtainable to either execs and to these with little heritage in clinical philosophy or old technology, Carrick's publication demonstrates that during the traditional international, as in our personal postmodern age, physicians, philosophers, and sufferers embraced a various array of views at the so much basic questions of lifestyles and demise.

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Medical ethics in the ancient world

During this ebook Paul Carrick charts the traditional Greek and Roman foundations of Western clinical ethics. Surveying 1500 years of pre-Christian clinical ethical heritage, Carrick applies insights from old scientific ethics to advancements in modern medication akin to improve directives, gene treatment, physician-assisted suicide, abortion, and surrogate motherhood.

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By this I mean that some behaviors and attitudes can be substantially shaped by the environment, context, and background of research participants in ways that complicate their scientific examination—social scientists refer to the “social construction of research objects” to convey this complexity. For my purposes, I will focus on the evolution of neuroscience research based on the use of functional neuroimaging procedures such as fMRI, positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetoencephalography (MEG), which have brought some ethical and social challenges to the 22 Chapter 1 forefront of neuroscience research (Racine and Illes 2007).

This occurred under various circumstances, including the potential benefits and risks of using these techniques beyond health research, such as to investigate the neural underpinnings of personality and behavior, that is, “neurosocial studies,” mostly conducted with fMRI. Research by my colleague Judy Illes of the University of British Columbia has shown that neurosocial studies on higher-order cognition, emotions, and decision making were responsible for a small but increasing proportion of fMRI neuroimaging research in the first years of its development (Illes, Kirschen, and Gabrieli 2003).

This is what I will refer to in later discussion as the “common view of neuroethics,” that it is a new field of scholarship examining ethical issues in neuroscience, particularly those with high philosophical salience. It is interesting to note how the media depiction of neuroethics boils down to only a few attributes while the peer review discussion and even the Web site presentation are richer and more complex. 2. Although the terms “new field,” “new discipline,” and “branch of bioethics” are all represented in neuroethics, much of the discussion focuses on specific definitions of these terms and what they would mean for neuroethics.

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