Download Research misconduct policy in biomedicine : beyond the by Barbara K. Redman PDF

By Barbara K. Redman

Federal rules that govern learn misconduct in biomedicine have now not been in a position to hinder an ongoing sequence of high-profile circumstances of fabricating, falsifying, or plagiarizing medical learn. during this ebook, Barbara Redman seems to be significantly at present examine misconduct coverage and proposes a brand new strategy that emphasizes institutional context and greater oversight.

Current coverage makes an attempt to regulate danger on the person point. yet Redman argues undefined reasonable and potent coverage needs to replicate the context during which the habit in query is embedded. As newshounds who coated many study misconduct circumstances saw, the roots of fraud "lie within the barrel, no longer within the undesirable apples that sometimes roll into view." Drawing on literature in similar fields -- together with ethical psychology, the coverage sciences, the organizational sciences, and legislation -- in addition to analyses of misconduct circumstances, Redman considers learn misconduct from numerous views. She additionally examines intimately a sequence of scientific examine situations in which repeated misconduct went undetected and reveals laxity of oversight, little cognizance to hurt performed, and insufficient correction of the clinical checklist. research questions increase the book's worth for graduate classes in examine ethics.

Redman argues that the objectives of any examine misconduct coverage can be to guard medical capital (knowledge, scientists, associations, norms of science), help reasonable festival, include harms to finish clients and to the public belief, and permit technology to fulfill its societal obligations.

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Research misconduct policy in biomedicine : beyond the bad-apple approach

Federal rules that govern learn misconduct in biomedicine have no longer been in a position to hinder an ongoing sequence of high-profile instances of fabricating, falsifying, or plagiarizing medical study. during this e-book, Barbara Redman seems significantly at present examine misconduct coverage and proposes a brand new procedure that emphasizes institutional context and more advantageous oversight.

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It should also be noted that trust and the public good will remain common-pool resources that must be governed, at least in part, by scientists. Thus norms by themselves are never enough; a structure by which to manage commons resources and the evolution of both norms and structure are also necessary (Ostrom 2005). Has Something Important Happened to Scientific Ethics? 13 And commons theory offers an approach to self-regulation in science that is well studied in other fields. Is the Basic Problem a Lack of a Higher Value or Structural Conditions in Science?

Arthur Kleinman (2006) tells us that our moral experience is always changing and usually uncertain. Our “local moral worlds,” as Kleinman calls them, may support or conflict with our ethical aspirations. When these worlds are unethical, even those of us with strong moral selves are vulnerable to their pressures to act unethically and to misplace our loyalties. Local moral worlds require continual ethical review, from both outside and inside, and because they are malleable, they may sometimes need to be remade or replaced (Kleinman 2006).

On the other hand, the utilitarian test of a morally right act—that it results in the best overall consequences of all possible alternative courses of action—seems ill suited for practical use. ” Although some forms of utilitarianism may judge the balance of benefits and harms by accepted moral codes (Carson 2010), science has no universally acknowledged and accepted moral code—only a historical set of normative ideals. A utilitarian might reason that, because science has apparently always had some level of misconduct and yet has produced net benefits for society, it isn’t necessary to formally control it.

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