Download The Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission: Civil Rights by Yasuhiro Katagiri PDF
By Yasuhiro Katagiri
In 1956, years after the U.S. splendid court docket unanimously outlawed legally imposed racial segregation in public faculties, Mississippi created the kingdom Sovereignty fee.
This was once the administrative supplier tested ''to safeguard the sovereignty of the country of Mississippi...from encroachment thereon through the Federal Government.'' The code observe encroachment implied the state's powerful unravel to maintain and shield the racial establishment. within the nomenclature the formality of the note sovereignty supposedly lent dignity to the activities of the fee. For all useful reasons the Sovereignty fee meant to salary this Deep South state's monolithic crusade opposed to desegregation and opposed to the ever intensifying campaign for civil rights in Mississippi.
In 1998 the papers of the fee have been made on hand for exam. No different country has such vast and special documentary files from an identical organisation. uncovered to public mild, they unmasked the fee as a counterrevolutionary division for political and social intrigue that infringed on person Constitutional rights and labored towards discrediting the civil rights flow through tarnishing the attractiveness of activists. because the eyes of the citizenry studied the files, the fee slid from sovereign and segregated to unsavory and abominable.
This e-book, the 1st to provide a entire background of this watchdog enterprise, deals an outsider's standpoint of the way, to this present day, the Sovereignty fee is still obscured, debated, and for plenty of voters a celeb chamber of the main sinister style. Why used to be the fee created? What have been a number of the political and social climates that initiated its activities? What have been its actions in the course of its seventeen years? What used to be its effect at the process Mississippi and southern background?
Drawing at the newly opened fabrics on the Mississippi division of information and background, this exam offers solutions to such questions and lines the vicissitudes that took the fee from governmental limelight to public opprobrium. This booklet additionally appears on the attitudes of the state's white citizenry, who, upon understanding the Commission's failure, observed the significance of a nonviolent lodging of civil rights.
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Extra info for The Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission: Civil Rights and States Rights
33 In addition, Governor Coleman appointed a three-member steering committee within the Commission to draft and submit policies to the full Commission. 34 With its membership being ﬁlled and two departments being organized, the new state agency seemed to be in perfect shape. But as soon as the governor appointed Representative Gore as director, the Commission was drawn into the center of a controversy that revolved around the state’s tradi tional ‘‘double-dipping’’ practice—a practice where legislators could assume executive posts without renouncing their legislative positions.
Its front cover bore a caricature of a white woman—the personifying ﬁgure for Mississippi—who was being stoned by three white men representing ‘‘Pressure Groups’’ from the North. ’’77 In mapping out its public relations strategies, the Sovereignty Commis sion did not pass over the inﬂuence of the state’s black opinion leaders, such as clergy, newspaper publishers, and educators. As early as the summer of 1956 the Commission conceived a plan to utilize some black conservatives in the state to propagate the sanity of racial segregation, many of whom would soon be mustered as the agency’s quasi-investigators and informants.
12 Thus, the interposition resolution—the state’s virtual ofﬁcial declaration to refuse to recognize the Supreme Court’s anti-segregation decisions—easily passed both Houses, and copies of the resolution were transmit ted, through the governor’s ofﬁce, to President Dwight D. 13 With the deﬁance of the federal government at its height, Mississippi lawmakers turned to creating a tax-supported implementation agency of the resolves expressed in the interposition resolution, seeking to materialize the initiation of ‘‘a permanent authority for maintenance of racial segregation’’ advocated by LEAC in September 1955.